The EXECUTE function compiles and executes one or more IDL statements contained in a string at run-time. The limitations of EXECUTE are as follows:

  • The need to compile the string at run-time makes EXECUTE inefficient in speed.
  • The EXECUTE function cannot be used in code that runs in the IDL Virtual Machine.

Though using the EXECUTE function is not allowed when IDL is in Virtual Machine mode, the CALL_FUNCTION, CALL_METHOD, and CALL_PROCEDURE routines are not limited. In many cases, you can replace EXECUTE with calls to these routines.


Create a string that holds a valid IDL command and execute the command by entering:

math = 'cos(2*!pi)'
void = EXECUTE('result = ' + math)
PRINT, result

IDL prints:


Set CompileFlags=2 to use Implied Print:

void = EXECUTE("4+4", 2)

IDL prints 8 to the output console.


Result = EXECUTE(String [, CompileFlags] [, QuietExecution])

Return Value

EXECUTE returns true (1) if the string was successfully compiled and executed. If an error occurs during either phase, the result is false (0).



A string containing the command(s) to be compiled and executed. Multiple statements in the string should be separated with the “&” character. GOTO statements and labels are not allowed.

Note: The command string has a limit of 32768 characters.


Set this argument to one of the following values:

  • 1 - If this argument is set to 1 then EXECUTE will not print compiler-generated error messages (such as syntax errors) to the console or IDL Output Log. If CompileFlags is omitted or set to 0, EXECUTE will output such errors.
  • 2 - If this argument is set to 2 then EXECUTE will attempt to perform Implied Print on the input string. If the input string is not an expression or a variable name, then EXECUTE will compile and execute the statement as normal.

By default, if this argument is omitted, then EXECUTE will output any compiler error messages, and will not attempt to perform Implied Print.


If this argument is set to a non-zero value, EXECUTE will not print error messages generated during execution to the console or IDL Output Log. If QuietExecution is omitted or set to 0, EXECUTE will output such errors.



Version History




Added QuietCompile argument


Added QuietExecution argument

8.3 Rename QuietCompile argument to CompileFlags (does not affect code) and allow CompileFlags=2 for Implied Print.

See Also