Use this procedure to run the Constrained Energy Minimization (CEM) target detection analysis. As with Adaptive Coherence Estimator (ACE) and Matched Filtering (MF), CEM does not require knowledge of all the endmembers within a scene. Using a specific constraint, CEM uses a finite impulse response (FIR) filter to pass through the desired target while minimizing its output energy resulting from background other than the desired targets. A correlation or covariance matrix is used to characterize the composite unknown background. In a mathematical sense, MF is a mean-centered version of CEM, where the data mean is subtracted from all pixel vectors.
To remove anomalous pixels before modeling the scene background, run ENVI_SUBSPACE_BACKGROUND_STATS_DOIT prior to ENVI_CEM_DOIT. Removing anomalous pixels prior to modeling the scene background can potentially improve the results, particularly in a scene that has a lot of clutter or man-made objects.
ENVI_DOIT, 'ENVI_CEM_DOIT' [, COV=array], DIMS=array, FID=file ID [, /IN_MEMORY] [,M_FID=file ID] [,M_POS=value], POS=array, OUT_NAME=string [, OUT_BNAME=string array] [, R_FID=variable],TARGET=array [, /USE_COV]
Set this keyword to specify the covariance matrix for the input bands. If the keyword is not defined, ENVI computes it internally.
The “dimensions” keyword is a five-element array of long integers that defines the spatial subset (of a file or array) to use for processing. Nearly every time you specify the keyword FID, you must also specify the spatial subset of the corresponding file (even if the entire file, with no spatial subsetting, is to be processed).
- DIMS: A pointer to an open ROI; use only in cases where ROIs define the spatial subset. Otherwise, set to -1L.
- DIMS: The starting sample number. The first x pixel is 0.
- DIMS: The ending sample number
- DIMS: The starting line number. The first y pixel is 0.
- DIMS: The ending line number
To process an entire file (with no spatial subsetting), define DIMS as shown in the following code example. This example assumes you have already opened a file using ENVI_SELECT or ENVI_PICKFILE:
envi_file_query, fid, dims=dims
The file ID (FID) is a long-integer scalar with a value greater than 0. An invalid FID has a value of -1. The FID is provided as a named variable by any routine used to open or select a file. Often, the FID is returned from the keyword R_FID in the ENVIRasterToFID routine. Files are processed by referring to their FIDs. If you work directly with the file in IDL, the FID is not equivalent to a logical unit number (LUN).
Use this keyword to specify the file ID of the mask file. This value is returned from the keyword R_FID in the ENVI_OPEN_FILE procedure. M_FID is a long integer with a value greater than 0. An invalid file ID has a value of -1.
Use this keyword to specify the band position of the mask band. M_POS is a long integer with a value greater than or equal to 0.
Set this keyword to specify that output should be stored in memory. If you do not set IN_MEMORY, output will be stored on disk and you must specify OUT_NAME (see below).
Use this keyword to specify a string array of output band names.
Use this keyword to specify a string with the output filename for the resulting data. If you set the keyword IN_MEMORY, you do not need to specify OUT_NAME.
Use this keyword to specify an array of band positions, indicating the band numbers on which to perform the operation. This keyword indicates the spectral subset of bands to use in processing. POS is an array of long integers, ranging from 0 to the number of bands minus 1. Specify bands starting with zero (Band 1=0, Band 2=1, etc.) For example, to process only Bands 3 and 4 of a multi-band file, POS=[2, 3].
POS is typically used with individual files. The example code below illustrates the use of POS for a single file with four bands of data:
envi_doit, 'envi_stats_doit', dims=dims, fid=fid, pos=pos, $
comp_flag=3, dmin=dmin, dmax=dmax, mean=mean, stdv=stdv, hist=hist
But what if you need to create an output file consisting of data from different bands, each from different files? Library routines such as CF_DOIT and ENVI_LAYER_STACKING_DOIT can accomplish this, but they use the POS keyword differently. Suppose you have four files, test1, test2, test3, and test4, with corresponding FIDs of fid1, fid2, fid3, and fid4, respectively. In the following example, you want Band 3 from test1 in the first position, Band 2 from test2 in the second position, Band 6 from test3 in the third position, and Band 4 from test4 in the fourth position. The code should be as follows:
fid_array = [fid1,fid2,fid3,fid4]
envi_doit, 'cf_doit', dims=dims, fid=fid_array
ENVI Classic library routines that result in new images also have an R_FID, or “returned FID.” This is simply a named variable containing the file ID to access the processed data. Specifying this keyword saves you the step of opening the new file from disk.
Use this keyword to specify the target spectra. It is a floating-point array. The array size is [number of input bands, number of target spectra].
Set this keyword to specify using the covariance matrix as background statistics, instead of the correlation matrix for the input bands. By default, ENVI Classic uses the input bands correlation matrix as background statistics, which is derived from the covariance matrix internally. If this keyword is defined, it must be with a non-zero value.